Gain Fat, Lose Cancer (Metastasis): Swiss researchers found a way to convert invasive breast cancer cells into fat cells thus inhibiting cancer metastasis. https://www.cell.com/cancer-cell/fulltext/S1535-6108(18)30573-7
The world’s only living natural experiment in the creation of language has happened among the deaf in Nicaragua, and it has changed how linguists think about one of civilisation’s greatest mysteries. More at https://www.1843magazine.com/features/signs-and-wonders
#Muon showers produced by #supernovas may have affected the course of #evolution and caused mass extinctions in the past. The two that took place between 2.6 and 8.7 million years ago coincided with extinction of #megafauna like megalodon monster shark. More at https://www.quantamagazine.org/did-supernovas-kill-off-the-monster-shark-megalodon-20190115/?mc_cid=592883b42c&mc_eid=4a74d65893
The Century of the Jackal: Golden jackals, aided by targeting of wolves for eradication in the Balkans and global warming, are spreading across Europe. More at https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/14/science/golden-jackals-europe.html?action=click&module=Well&pgtype=Homepage§ion=Science
Designers have long known that horizontal lines appear thicker than vertical ones (by about 5-7%, depending on context) and now researchers have made it official: https://www.mdpi.com/2411-5150/3/1/1/htm
Synthetic Biology: Adding two extra letters, X and Y, to the genetic code (ACTG) makes totally novel proteins possible. One such may now help create a less toxic and more effective version of a cancer drug called interleukin-2.
Emerging evidence suggests that the brain encodes abstract knowledge in the same way that it represents positions in space, which hints at a more universal theory of cognition.
Namely, the brain may be mapping out the qualities of perceptions, experiences and abstract concepts along various dimensions, with the help of the same system that it uses to map out physical spaces.
A clean-out of a lecture hall at the University of St Andrews in Scotland led to a discovery of what may be the oldest surviving wall chart of periodic table, which appears to date back to 1885.
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