Then of course we have Roman coinage and money in comparison to our modern one (material vs. functional values) and the question of Roman souvenirs and prices that pops up towards the end.

Finally there is the final panel, which reads again "Omnes Thermae Romam dugunt." (sic!) Why the illustrators chose a "g" instead of a "c" is a mystery as "dugunt" doesn't seem to be attested at all historically, but I'm intrigued now to find out more about the letter "g" as a Roman invention. (Caius > Gaius)

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This episode spends most of its time in modern Japan, so we see only very little of Rome and the Romans.

Most noticeably here is the conspiracy trope that was absent 'til now but is a regular element of all fiction connected to Rome since the assassination of Caesar and the schemes of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Beyond that, with the location of Lucius spa town and the hot springs, the entertainment and leisures to explore, there seem to be parallels to historic Baiae, which is much older.

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Ep. 11 "Lucius Builds a Spa Town"

In this final episode a group of Roman senators plot against Hadrian and his designated heir. To undermine their enemies support with the people, the conspirators want to get rid of Lucius first and sent them on a fake mission from the emperor to survey places for a bathouse in the vicinity of Vesuvius, which is ofc notorious for its roaming groups of bandits. But being mugged, Lucius confronts the ruffians with the treasures around them.

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... disturbed by kids that use the Laocoon group as a improvised water slide. As in previous episodes, this statue is already damaged and appears in this scene as we stands today in the Musei Vaticani.

(4) Ceionius, Hadrians designated heir, will actually never become Roman emperor himself, but succumb to illness only a few years later. Antoninus Pius will then become Hadrians successor in 138.

(5) Hadrian himself looks astonishingly fit and healthy for his supposed age of about 60!

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Things to look into are manifold in this epsiode:

(1) Lucius is supposed to have a day off, but it doesn't seem to be a public holiday. Here the modern idea of work-time/vacations mix with Roman history.

(2) Livia, L.'s wife, leaves him and returns to her parents. This might well be a first step towards a divorce, which - depending on the times - were quite possible in Roman antiquity.

(3) When Lucius tries to think about his new bathhouse project while visiting the Thermae Traiani, he is ...

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Ep. 10 "Lucius Build a Theme Bath"

Lucius is summoned to Tivoli by Hadrian, who introduces him to his newly designated successor Ceionius - or with his new name: Lucius Aelius Caesar. Despite Lucius' bad first impression of the appointed heir, he agrees to build a new bathhouse for the general public in Rome, that shall serve as a gift from the new leader to the people. Searching for ideas, Lucius is disturbed by children, who seem to be in need of place more fun to bath at.

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It's the Day of Zeus / Jupiter's Day / Thorsday!

Zeus with his wife Hera as portrayed by Spanish photographer Cristian Baitg.

Find more #GreekMythology photos of his here on his website:
cristianbaitg.com/p569019044

#DayOfZeus #photography #Zeus #Hera #mythology #indieartist

... are damaged on purpose (missing arms for example). Also the wording (of the English subs?) is really strange, when Lucius sees the Moon for the first time in Japan. He looks at it, if he never has seen anything like it before, which cannot be true.

Two things to research after this ep:
(1) Finding reconstructions of different tiers of baths (we know that there were different kinds of types for different customers).
(2) How did the Romans perceive gold and did they connect it to the Gods?

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... architect seems to have the exact same problem while building an interpretaion of a Roman bath as a kind of attraction. Even despite their communication problems Lucius and his colleague exchange ideas on how to deal with their tasks and when Lucius gets back to Rome, they both create somethin better than was planned before.

As with the previous episodes, the interesting parts for are found in the details: Make sure to spot Lucius drawing statues for the bath, that ...

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Ep. 9 "Lucius Meets a Fellow Architect in Japan"

Lucius is hired by a collegium of freed and newly rich slaves, the Augustales, to build a new bath for them. At first Lucius doesn't want to take the job, because the collegium aims for something lavish and pompous, which is not really L.'s style, but he does it anyway to help his friend Marcus. As always, while prospecting the location, he stumbles, falls into a fish pond, and gets to modern Japan, where a fellow young ...

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There is really close to nothing in ways of in this one. Yes, the empire and Rome became quite more international with their borders expanding, but that is barely something new, as isn't the "Barbarian" stereotype. As far to my modest knowledge of such things I don't remember to ever have seen archeological evidence of bathing rules like the ones presented in the episode, but they look pretty convicing, so there might be a template. Will have to research. Else: Civilization!

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Sadly he has to learn that also the Japanese habe to endure uncivilized people like Germanics, and so his fight begins anew in another time. But this time, after a short but intense fight, Lucius learns that the Japanese have a way to communicate their traditional bathing rules to everyone: they do so by pictures. Lucius of course adapts this idea and - back in ancient Rome - orders reliefs depicting the proper bathing ritual. This way the Barbarians understand. Peace is restored.

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Ep. 8 "Lucius Learns Bathing Etiquette in Japan"

While repairing some damage in the bathhouse his grandfather built, Lucius becomes aware of the financial problems of the place. He learns that there are much fewer customers since a bunch of Germanic ex-soldiers, who do not know how to behave themselves in a Roman bath, became regular patrons. Lucius tries to intervene when the barbarians turn up later, only to get hit, slip into the water and awake in modern Japan again.

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Just did a little hashtag search for , and there is close to nothing there - especially not much for the language. So, if you need help with or want to talk about Latin here in the Fediverse and see this one of my upcoming , feel free to get in touch.

Maybe he isn't in Italy after all? Or is it just a misinterpretation on my part?

A remarkable detail are the room-keys shown on the tavern's wall. The Romans actually used keys like this to lock doors. This is well documented in the archeological literature as a quick online search will show.

Finally, at least Lucius' "Thank you", which can be clearly heard two time this episode, is very close to what would be expected: "Gratias ago", although missing the Dat. "tibi". It still works.

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This is another episode where there is very little to say in terms if . It becomes clearer with every single episode, that the author's main objective is not to present some foreign Roman culture to her audience, but that she wishes to praise her own traditional culture first. (Which ofc is totally fine, but disappointing from my pov.)

So the first thing to wonder about is why Lucius seems to ride through wilderness instead along a Roman road, for which his empire was famous.

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Ep. 7 ""Lucius appears on the Tokaido Road in the Edo Period"

Traveling through Italia on his way home to Livia, Lucius needs to stop in a guesthouse on the way. Sadly, the only one available is a rundown place with bad service, terrible food, small rooms, dirty beds & a decrepit bath, that only carries lukewarm water. Leaving the tub to complain with the owners, he (you guessed it) slips and awakes in a public bathhouse close to a tavern in Edo-Japan, where he can refresh.

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Lucius encounters two major new ideas in modern Japan, which seem of very small importance compared to others from the past:

(1) heated floors
This one baffled me, as Romans of Lucius' standing should know floor-heating, or hypocausta, and its positive effects at least since the 1st century BCE, possibly longer.

(2) water from mineral springs
See nr. 1. There are numerous healing or medical springs available in Italy and Europe. A lot of them are said to produce water with healing capabilites.

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This episode is remarkably focused on the Japanese side of things. Only a few items are of interest to .

The first being Apollodoros, which the viewers already know for a long time, and who gets some more screentime in this episode. From occupation and age, he seems to identify with A. of Damascus, who was Trajan's favourite architect. If so, his storyline in the series would be a huge deviation from reality, as A. of Damascus was sent to exile and later put to death by Hadrian.

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Ep. 6 "Lucius Builds a Hot Stone Spa"

In Jerusalem Hadrian's forces are low in morale and physical health. As is the emperor himself. He already has ordered Lucius to build baths for him and his men, and of course Lucius is helping out, where he can, to speed up the process. Sadly, he not only hurts his back lifting heavy stones, but also slips into an unknown pool, only to awake in a Japanese health spa, where he gets some additional ideas on how to care for Roman soldiers.

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